Growing Japanese Maple Trees

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Growing Japanese Maple Trees

Trees are an important feature when it comes to landscaping. Nature enthusiasts prefer the Japanese maple tree for its versatility in color, texture and foliage across seasons. People also value its breath-taking crimson in the springtime, green in summer, giving way to a bright yellow and orange canopy in the fall.

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Selecting and Buying

Japanese maple trees come in various forms, growing to 2-30 feet tall. There are two main varieties of these trees, the lace leaf Japanese maple, which is a weeping tree, and the more common understory tree that takes on an upright form. Other forms include the rounded, mounding and cascading variants.

Preferences and the landscape layout inform the variety of choice when buying the Japanese maple trees. Dwarf and smaller varieties are a good alternative for growing in containers or as bonsai. The medium-sized and larger selections are better recommendations for a larger and non-mobile display.

You can buy Japanese Maple Trees Online at http://www.thetreecenter.com where you can also learn more about their care and view a range of images.

Japanese maple trees are available for sale in many nurseries and other outlets across the country. Before buying any Japanese maple tree cultivar that you do not intend on growing in a container, it is important to understand how suited your chosen planting location is.

Caring for the Trees

Fertilizer Use

These trees do not particularly need fertilizers for healthy growth, but, done properly, and at the right time, fertilizers can help your tree grow faster. Always avoid using fertilizers on newly planted trees. After the plant has adapted, the best recommendation is an organic slow release fertilizer once a year. You should do this in early spring.

 

Soil Watering

Mature trees are drought-resistant and only need regular watering during dry seasons due to having shallow roots. During the first few years, however, the trees need heavy watering at least twice every week and more times in dry periods. Always ensure that the soil drainage is good as maple trees flourish in well-drained soil and too much moisture around the roots can cause damage. It is also important to reduce the amount of water towards the end of summer and in early summer to help transition faster from the green of summer to the bright foliage of fall.

 Proper Mulching

You should apply mulch to the entire root zone, that is, 4-6 inches of the planted area. Do not touch the trunk works to protect the roots from the cold and frost of winter, and the heat of the summer. Regular mulching helps maintain the moisture content of the soil, by controlling the amount lost due to evaporation, which, in effect, reduces the need to constantly water. Wood chips and pine needles are good mulch options for Japanese maple trees whether in-ground or in containers.

Shade from the Sun and Protection from Strong Winds

For healthy growth, one should strike a balance when it comes to exposure to the sun. While the sun is important for foliage color, over-exposure during the summer may cause scorching of the leaves. Again, too much shade may affect the fall foliage, dragging out the dramatic color change of the leaves. Strong winds have the effect of drying up the delicate maple foliage. The planting location should cater for both these essentials.

Tree Pruning

Late winter and early spring define the high-growth period for Japanese maple trees. Pruning during this time results in wounds flowing with saps, which weakens the tree structure as well as making it susceptible to disease. The frequency of pruning depends on the variety and age. Laceleaf and dissectum type varieties need pruning twice a year with annual pruning recommended for most of the other varieties. Newly planted Japanese maple trees require only minimal pruning, taking care to leave some sprouts for photosynthesis that gives the energy needed for root development. When pruning, avoid removing more than a fifth of the crown, and more than a quarter of the foliage of any branch. Removing too much foliage will not only interfere with the nutrient supply of the tree but also cause sunscald and more so in very hot conditions. Pruning, should remove all crossing limbs or those expected to cross in the near future as well as dead limbs.

You do not need experience of expertise for planting and caring. With these basic gardening highlights, you can comfortably plan to, grow, and care for the landscape marvel that is Japanese maple trees.